The Falklands War was a military conflict fought between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982. It began on April 2, when Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory in the South Atlantic.
The British government, under Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, responded quickly to the invasion by sending a naval task force to retake the islands. The task force was made up of 127 ships and over 28,000 personnel, including troops from the British Army, Royal Navy, and Royal Air Force.
On May 21, British forces landed on the Falkland Islands, initiating a ground campaign. They encountered fierce resistance from the Argentine military, who had established well-fortified positions on the islands. The British military relied on their training and expertise to overcome the Argentine defenses, engaging in fierce ground battles.
Throughout the conflict, the British military also employed air and naval assets to support their ground campaign. They launched airstrikes against Argentine positions, as well as naval bombardments. The Royal Navy also played a crucial role in the conflict, engaging in several naval battles with the Argentine Navy.
The war lasted for 74 days, with the British military ultimately emerging victorious. On June 14, the Argentine military surrendered, and the Falkland Islands were returned to British control.
The conflict resulted in the deaths of 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel, and three Falkland Islanders. The war also had a significant impact on the political landscape of both Argentina and the United Kingdom. In Argentina, the military junta that had been in power at the time of the invasion fell from power. In the United Kingdom, Prime Minister Thatcher's popularity soared, and the victory helped to solidify her political standing.
The Falklands War is remembered as a significant military conflict in British history. It was an enormous undertaking by the British military, requiring extensive planning, coordination, and resources. The conflict highlighted the importance of maintaining a strong and capable military and demonstrated the bravery and sacrifice of those who serve.